2. In humans, pancreatic cells synthesize the protein insulin in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Patients
diagnosed with type 1 diabetes have immune systems that mistakenly attack their pancreatic cells.
Therefore, these patients cannot produce the hormone insulin and have to take medications to introduce
insulin into their bodies. (a) Describe how insulin would be produced in a nomal functioning (non-type 1
diabetes) pancreatic cell.