# Ime Value of Money: Comparing Interest Rates Different compounding periods, are used for different types of investments. In order to

ime Value of Money: Comparing Interest Rates Different compounding periods, are used for different types of investments. In order to properly compare investments or loans with different compounding periods, we need to put them on a common basis. In order to do this, you need to understand the difference between the nominal interest rate (INOM) and the effective annual rate (EAR). The -Select- interest rate is quoted by borrowers and lenders, and it is also called the annual percentage rate (APR). If the compounding periods for different securities is the same, then you -Select- use the APR for comparison. If the securities have different compounding periods, then the -Select- must be used for comparison. Here, M is the number of compounding periods per year and INOM/M is equal to the periodic rate (IPER). If a loan or investment uses -Select- compounding, then the nominal interest rate is also its effective annual rate. However, if compounding occurs more than once a year, EAR is -Select- INOM. Quantitative Problem: Bank 1 lends funds at a nominal rate of 10% with payments to be made semiannually. Bank 2 requires payments to be made quarterly. If Bank 2 would like to charge the same effective annual rate as Bank 1, what nominal interest rate will they charge their customers